Species Plans and Seed Planning Units (SPUs)

Seed Planning Units (SPUs)

FGC’s Species Plans are organized by Seed Planning Units (SPU). SPUs consist of a defined geographic area and elevation band for each commercially-important tree species. SPUs serve as the foundation for BC’s tree breeding programs, seed orchards, seed planning and seed transfer limits described in the Chief Forester’s Standards for Seed Use.  See Ministry website for SPU maps and spatial data.

Note: SPUs are not applicable to the recently introduced climate-based seed transfer (CBST) standards that are based on BEC variants.

SPUs are assigned unique numbers and codes. For example SPU#17 Pli BV Low, is the SPU for Lodgepole pine (Pli) in the Bulkley Valley (BV) area below 1100 m elevation. SPU #s were assigned based on their ranking derived through a tree improvement investment program (TIIP) model developed in 1999. These rankings have since changed and SPU numbers are now used only for reference. SPU rankings are updated based on new information every few years.

SPUs are also categorized to guide breeding and seed orchard investments. Program categories include: 1. Advanced-generation; 2. First-generation only; 3. genecology research only; and 4. No genetics program recommended.

In 2013, the TIIP model and SPU rankings (.pdf) were updated. This analysis included revised estimates for the net present value of the estimated incremental timber produced (based on # seedlings planted, average genetic gain of seed used in the SPU, and average site productivity), and several other criteria including climate change.

A new model for determining tree improvement investment priorities under CBST is required.

Species Plans

Species plans include information about the breeding activities and seed orchards for each SPU. The plans also include historical seedling needs and forecasts, nursery sowing factors, and the species’ genetic conservation status. Species Plans are listed below by SPU#.

These Species Plans were last updated in 2017. New CBST-based Species Plans are required and under development.

48 Interior Broadleaves – Aspen, Poplar, Birch (All elevations)

49 Coastal Broadleaves – Maple and Poplar (All elevations)

54 Red Alder – Maritime (1-700 m)

02 Western Redcedar  – Maritime Low (1-700 m) South 48’ – 52’

11 Yellow Cypress  – Maritime All (1-1100 m) South 48’ – 52’

27 Western Redcedar – Sub Maritime Low (200-1000 m)

33 Western Redcedar – Maritime High (700-1500 m)

01 Coastal Douglas-fir  – Maritime Low (1-900 m) South 48’ – 52’

19 Coastal Douglas-fir – Sub Maritime Low (200-1200 m)

21 Interior Douglas-fir – Nelson Low (400-1200 m)

22 Interior Douglas-fir – Nelson High (1000-1800 m)

31 Coastal Douglas-fir – Maritime High (900-1200 m)

37 Interior Douglas-fir – Quesnel Lakes Low (700-1400 m)

39 Interior Douglas-fir – East Kootenay Low (700-1400 m)

41 Interior Douglas-fir – Prince George Low (700-1200 m)

43 Interior Douglas-fir – Cariboo Transition Low (600-1400 m)

52 Douglas-fir – Thompson-Okanagan (600-1099 m)

53 Douglas-fir – Thompson-Okanagan (1100-1600 m)

03 Western Hemlock – Maritime Low (1-600 m) South 48’ – 52’

24 Western Hemlock – Maritime High (600-1100 m)

38 Western Hemlock (Same as SPU #3) – Maritime Low South

13 Western Larch – Nelson Low (450-1600 m)

15 Western White Pine – Kootenay/Quesnel Low (500-1400 m)

34 Western Larch – East Kootenay Low (800-1700 m)

50 Western Larch – Nelson High (1200-1800 m)

07 Lodgepole Pine – Nelson Low (700-1600 m)

08 Western White Pine – Maritime Low (1-1000 m)

10 Lodgepole Pine – Thompson Okanagan Low (700-1400 m)

12 Lodgepole Pine – Prince George Low (700-1400 m)

16 Lodgepole Pine – Thompson Okanagan High (1400-1600 m)

17 Lodgepole Pine – Bulkley Valley Low (700-1400 m)

18 Lodgepole Pine – Central Plateau Low (700-1300 m)

20 Lodgepole Pine – Nelson High (1600-2000 m)

26 Lodgepole Pine – Prince George High (1400-2000 m)

29 Lodgepole Pine – East Kootenay High (1500-2000 m)

32 Lodgepole Pine – East Kootenay Low (800-1500 m)

45 Lodgepole Pine – Big Bar/Chilcotin (All elevations)

51 Ponderosa Pine – Southern Interior (300-1000 m)

04 Interior Spruce – Nelson Mid (1000-1700 m)

05 Interior Spruce – Nelson High (1700-2100 m)

06 Sitka Spruce – Maritime Low (1-500 m) South 48’ – 54’

14 Interior Spruce – Prince George Low (600-1400 m)

23 Interior Spruce/Sitka Spruce – Sub Maritime/Nass-Skeena Transition (All elevations)

25 Interior Spruce – East Kootenay All (750-1900 m)

28 Interior Spruce – Thompson Okanagan High (1300-2100 m)

30 Interior Spruce – Thompson Okanagan Low (700-1500 m)

35 Interior Spruce – Bulkley Valley Low (500-1400 m)

40L Interior Spruce – Peace River Low (<650 m)

40M Interior Spruce – Peace River Low (<650 m)

42 Interior Spruce – Prince George High (1200-1550 m)

44 Interior Spruce – Nelson Low (1-1000 m)

09 Pacific Silver Fir – Sub Maritime Low (1-1000 m)

36 Grand Fir – Maritime Low (1-700 m)

46 Sub-alpine Fir – NST / BLK / MIC / MGR / WK / SA (All elevations)

47 Noble Fir – Maritime, Sub maritime (All elevations) South 48’ – 52’

Enhancing the conservation, adaptation, health and productivity of BC’s Forests ©2020 Forest Genetics Council of BC